JIN JU FENG

16 Xyoo Kev Tsim Khoom

Tsib tsib xyoos ntawm kev ua kom muaj peev xwm txo tsawg, steel nyhav-poob zoo saib rov qab

Tsis ntev los no, Kev Tshawb Fawb Kev Koom Tes Hauv Tebchaws thiab Kev Hloov Kho Kev Lag Luam thiab Ministry of Industry thiab Information Technology tshaj tawm tias lawv yuav npaj ib qho kev saib xyuas thoob tebchaws "saib rov qab" ntawm cov peev txheej steel txo thiab txo cov hlau tsis zoo nyob rau xyoo 2021. Yav dhau los, Xiao Yaqing, Tus Thawj Fwm Tsav ntawm thiab Cov Ntaub Ntawv Siv Hluav Taws Xob, kuj tau hais tias nyob ib puag ncig "ob qho carbon" lub hom phiaj, nws yog qhov tsim nyog los txiav txim siab txo cov khoom lag luam tawg ntawm cov hlau tawg. Lub sijhawm tsib xyoos ntawm kev txo kom muaj peev xwm ntau lawm, kev lag luam steel tau ntsib kev hloov tshiab thiab kev sib tw.

Tsib xyoo slimming "saib rov qab"

"Pib txij xyoo 2016, nws yuav siv sijhawm tsib xyoos los txo cov peev txheej ntau ntawm cov hlau sib tsoo los ntawm 100 lab rau 150 lab tons." Qhov no yog qhov haujlwm tau ua dhau los tau teev tseg hauv "Cov tswvyim ntawm Pawg Sawv Cev Hauv Xeev ntawm kev daws qhov muaj peev xwm ntau nyob rau hauv Kev Lag Luam Hlau thiab Hlau los txhawm rau paub Kev Txhim Kho nyuaj.

Lub Peb Hlis 1, Xiao Yaqing tau qhia hauv kev tshaj tawm xov xwm tias txij xyoo 2016, lub tswv yim ntawm "peb tshem tawm, ib qho txo ​​qis thiab ib qho ntxiv" tau muaj kev txhim kho tseem ceeb hauv kev txo cov peev xwm ntau lawm cov hlau, uas twb tau compressed 170 lab tons ntawm cov peev xwm steel ntau lawm. Nws tau nkag siab tias tag nrho cov peev xwm ua tau zoo nyob ruaj khov hlau uas tau thim tawm ntawm "kev lag luam zombie" tau txog 64.74 lab tons.

Txhawm rau ua kom zoo dua qub rau theem tom ntej ntawm kev muaj peev xwm txo qis, nyob rau xyoo 2021, kuv lub teb chaws tshiab hloov ntawm kev siv cov khoom siv steel hloov ntsuas thiab steel project filings thiab lwm cov ntaub ntawv tseem ceeb yuav raug xa kom ntseeg tau tias tag nrho cov peev txheej steel tsuas yog txo qis Cov.

Kev tswj hwm tus ntsuas hloov pauv yog ib qho tseem ceeb rau kev ua tiav cov organic sib xyaw ntawm kev txwv tsis pub muaj peev xwm tshiab thiab kev hloov kho tus txheej txheem. Raws li cov ntaub ntawv, txij li qhov kev ua tiav ntawm Kev Ua Haujlwm Kev Ruaj Ntseg rau Kev Muaj peev xwm hloov chaw hauv kev lag luam Hlau thiab Hlau hauv xyoo 2018, txog rau xyoo 2020, 16,25 lab tons ntawm cov peev xwm loj peev tau thim tawm, nrog tawm ntawm 26.3 lab tons, nrog rau tag nrho tawm piv ntawm 1.15: 1.

Kev koom ua ke thiab kev rov tsim kho kuj nce qib tsis tu ncua. Xyoo tas los, Tuam Tshoj Baowu ua tiav rov qab txhim kho Maanshan Hlau thiab Hlau thiab Chongqing Hlau thiab Hlau los nthuav nws thaj chaw. Jiangsu Xuzhou npaj yuav ua kom tau zoo thiab sib sau ua ke 18 lub koom haum ua lag luam hlau thiab cov hlau ua rau 2 lub tuam txhab loj thiab cov tuam txhab ua haujlwm loj hauv lub xyoo, thiab ua tiav kev txo ntau dua 30% hauv cov peev txheej ua haujlwm ntau hauv 2020.

Lub hom phiaj dhau los ntawm overcapacity txo tau tiav. Xyoo no "rov ua dua" ntawm cov hlau decapacity txo yuav tsom rau kev tshuaj xyuas ntawm kev ua haujlwm ntawm kev ua haujlwm steel decapacity thiab kev txhim kho kom haum rau txhua thaj tsam txij li xyoo 2016. Lub ntsiab yog los daws cov peev xwm ntau ntxiv steel thiab tsoo ntawm "cov nroog". Qhov kaw thiab thim ntawm cov khoom siv sib tsoo uas muaj feem nrog rau "Steel".

Qin Yuan, tus kws tshaj lij fab kev lag luam, tau hais rau tus neeg sau xov xwm los ntawm Beijing Kev Lag Luam Txhua Hnub tias hauv kev txo cov peev xwm ua cov hlau ntau hauv tsib xyoos dhau los, "steel pem teb" tau raug tshem tawm thiab tshem tawm tag nrho ntawm lub khw. Tsis tas li ntawd, qee qhov ntawm "tuam txhab lag luam steel hlau" tau raug tshem tawm, thiab lwm qhov tau rov ua dua tom qab kev koom ua ke. Cov ntsiab lus ntawm kev lag luam steel tau txuas ntxiv mus nce ntxiv, thiab cov cuab tam thiab kev lav phib xaub ntawm cov tuam txhab steel ntau tau txhim kho thiab kho.

Txawm hais tias muaj txiaj ntsig tshwm sim los, Pab Pawg Kev Txhim Kho thiab Hloov Kho thiab Ministry of Industry thiab Information Technology tseem tau qhia hauv cov xov xwm tias qee qhov kev tsis sib haum xeeb hauv kev lag luam tseem tsis tau raug daws tau qhov tseeb. Nyob rau tib lub sijhawm, nrog kev txhim kho cov txiaj ntsig ntawm kev lag luam steel, qee lub nroog thiab cov tuam txhab muaj kev yaum kom tsis pom cov phiaj xwm steel, thiab kev ua tiav cov kev ua tiav ntawm kev muaj peev xwm txo tau ntsib cov kev cov nyom tshiab. Lub hom phiaj ntawm txoj haujlwm no yog txhawm rau coj cov tuam txhab steel los tso txoj kev loj hlob ntawm txoj kev yeej los ntawm qhov ntau thiab txhawb txoj kev loj hlob zoo ntawm kev lag luam steel.

Hais txog cov teeb meem uas tseem tshuav, Qin Yuan tau txheeb xyuas tias nrog rau kev tshem ntawm cov chaw ua haujlwm tsis zoo, cov txiaj ntsig ntawm kev lag luam tag nrho yog txhim kho, thiab kev xav tau ntawm cov lag luam nce ntau yog tseem muaj zog. Txawm hais tias cov qauv ntawm kev sib koom ua ke tau tsim kho, nws kuj txhais tau tias kev koom ua ke yuav nyuaj.

Nws tau nkag siab tias cov haujlwm no tseem yuav suav txog kev tsim kho thiab kev ua haujlwm ntawm cov haujlwm steel smelting, nrog rau kev ua raws li kev txhim kho thiab kho cov teeb meem pom nyob hauv kev tshuaj xyuas yav dhau los. Thiab xyoo no ua haujlwm cov ntxaij hlau txo kev ua haujlwm yuav tsom rau txo kev ua haujlwm cov hlau tawg ntawm cov tuam txhab nrog kev ua haujlwm tsis zoo, kev siv hluav taws xob ntau, thiab cov cuab yeej siv qis dua cov cuab yeej tawm tshiab, kom ntseeg tau tias lub teb chaws cov roj crude tawm nyob rau xyoo 2021 yuav poob xyoo- rau-xyoo.

Ua kom ntau lawm thaum uas txo peev xwm ua khoom

Txawm hais tias lub peev xwm ua ntau lawm cov hlau yuav muaj ntau ntxiv, Lange Steel kwv yees hais tias kev thov kev siv hlau hauv lub teb chaws yuav tau txuas ntxiv nyob rau xyoo 2021, thiab Tuam Tshoj cov kev xav tau cov hlau nyoos tag nrho lub xyoo yuav nce mus txog 1.1 billion tons, nce ntxiv txog 5% xyoo dhau los. Cov ntaub ntawv los ntawm National Bureau of Statistics tseem tau qhia tias txij lub Ib Hlis mus txog Lub Ob Hlis, cov hmoov qaib hlau hauv tsev loj hlob nce 6.4% xyoo-rau-lub xyoo, thiab cov khoom lag luam dub hlau tau nce 12.9% xyoo-rau xyoo.

Thaum uas txo qhov peev xwm ntau lawm thaum ua kom cov ntau lawm, zoo li "lub voj voog coj txawv txawv". Hauv qhov no, Xiao Yaqing tau hais tias qhov kev lag luam sai sai, rov qab ua haujlwm ntawm kev ua haujlwm thiab ntau lawm, thiab qhov kev thov rau kev tsim kho hauv ntau thaj teb muaj kev thov ntau heev rau cov khoom nyoos thiab cov khoom siv pabcuam, suav nrog cov hlau. Tsis tas li ntawd, qhov tseeb siv rau ib tus neeg siv hlau tseem nyob hauv tus txheej txheem ntawm kev txhim kho piv nrog tag nrho cov txiaj ntsig kev lag luam, thiab tseem tshuav ntau chav rau kev nthuav dav hauv kev thov rau kev tsim kho thiab tsheb thauj khoom.

Hauv kev xam phaj nrog tus neeg sau xov xwm los ntawm Beijing Kev Ua Lag Luam Txhua Hnub, Cheng Yu, tus kws tshawb fawb qib laus ntawm lub koom haum ntawm kev nkag siab, txheeb xyuas tias kev txo peev xwm txo qis tau ua tiav nrog kev nthuav dav ntawm kev thov. Raws li kev tsim kho ntawm kev tsim kho vaj tsev thiab tsheb kev lag luam, qhov kev thov rau cov hlau tseem muaj zog, uas tseem tsim tau tsim rau steel mills. Txhawm rau kom nqis peev ntxiv nyob rau hauv qhov chaw muaj txiaj ntsig zoo, tsis muaj peev xwm ntau lawm yuav raug rho tawm ua ntej.

Thiab lub xyoo no, ua kom muaj kev ua tsis tiav thiab kev ua lag luam hauv cov cuab yeej tseem ua qhov pib tseem ceeb rau kev lag luam ruaj khov, thiab kev nqis peev hauv vaj tse yuav txuas ntxiv, uas tseem yuav ua rau Tuam Tshoj cov kev lag luam steel ntxiv txuas ntxiv dag zog hauv 2021. Qin Yuan tseem ntseeg tias tus nqi tam sim no ntawm hlau tseem tab tom nce, thiab cov kev cai tswjfwm kuj tseem txo cov se xa khoom them rov qab thiab nce kev lag luam ntxiv kom tau raws li kev thov hauv tebchaws.

Ntxiv rau kev ua lag luam xav tau, peb kuj yuav tsum pom cov khoom lag luam. Chen Kexin, tus kws tshuaj ntsuam ntawm Lange Steel Economic Research Center, yav dhau los tau txheeb xyuas tias yog vim li cas xyoo no cov txiaj ntsig yuav cia siab txuas ntxiv yog cov kev tsim kho tshiab ntau lawm cov peev xwm hauv xyoo tas los. Xyoo 2021, qee cov phiaj xwm tshiab no yuav muab tso rau hauv ntau lawm tom qab ib qho, thiab cia siab tias tseem yuav muaj ntau txog kaum lab lab tons. Nyob rau tib lub sijhawm, cov peev txheej ntawm kev siv peev txheej tseem yog txuas ntxiv nce, yog li xyoo nthuav tawm cov txiaj ntsig tseem muaj chaw tshiab.

Cov teeb meem tshiab nyob rau hauv "roj carbon cov pa roj carbon" ob lub hom phiaj

Yuav kom ua tiav cov hom phiaj ntawm "carbon peaking" thiab "carbon neutrality", thaum kawg ntawm Lub Kaum Ob Hlis xyoo tas los, Xiao Yaqing tau qhia meej ntawm Kev Lag Luam Hauv Tebchaws thiab Kev Qhia Xov Xwm Ua Haujlwm hais tias lub hom phiaj ntawm cov pa roj carbon monoxide thiab carbon neutrality yuav tsum raug tsom ntawm kev siv ntawm kev ua lag luam qis-carbon kev ua thiab Green manufacturing engineering. Raws li kev siv zog ua kom muaj kev lag luam, kev lag luam steel yuav tsum txiav txim siab txo cov khoom txaij steel kom paub tseeb tias ib xyoos poob ntawm cov khoom lag luam steel hlau tawm.

Hauv Qin Yuan qhov kev pom, lub siab ntawm kev lag luam steel nyob rau hauv "ob lub pa roj carbon" lub hom phiaj yuav tsum tau saib nyias: "Hais txog cov pa roj carbon monoxide, lub siab yuav tsis loj heev. Nrog kev hloov chaw ntawm cov txheej txheem luv mus rau cov txheej txheem ntev, nws yuav pab tau tiag tiag. Cov pa carbon emission txo. Hauv cov txheej txheem ntau lawm ntawm cov hlau, tseem muaj ntau qhov chaw los txo qis cov pa carbon, uas yog vim li cas ntau lub tuam txhab steel teeb cov pa roj carbon lub sijhawm siab tshaj ua ntej xyoo 2030. "

Nws tau tshaj tawm tias "Steel Kev Lag Luam Carbon Peak thiab Carbon Reduction Action Plan" tau tsim daim ntawv hloov kho thiab txhim kho, thiab kev lag luam carbon ncov lub hom phiaj tau pib ua ntej: ua ntej xyoo 2025, kev lag luam steel yuav ua tiav cov pa roj carbon ntau tshaj plaws; los ntawm 2030, kev lag luam steel yuav muaj cov pa roj carbon emissions. 30% qis dua tus nqi siab, nws tau kwv yees tias 420 lab tons ntawm cov pa roj carbon emissions yuav raug txo kom tsawg.

Qin Yuan ntseeg tias cov pa roj carbon nruab nrab yuav ua rau lub zog ntau dua rau ntawm kev lag luam steel. "Cov pa roj carbon emission ntawm cov txheej txheem ntev-kev tsim steel yog txav tsis tau. Qhov no yuav tsum muaj kev txhim kho ntau ntxiv ntawm kev lag luam steel cov txheej txheem. Tab sis vim tias lub sij hawm taw tes lig, nws kuj yog nyob ntawm kev lag luam steel hauv kev ua tiav cov pa roj carbon monoxide siab. Qhov xwm txheej yog dab tsi? ” Qin Yuan tau hais qhia tus kws sau xov xwm ntawm Beijing Lag Luam Txhua Hnub.

Nyob rau tib lub sijhawm, nws yuav tsum raug sau tseg tias kev lag luam steel nyob rau hauv tus txheej txheem ntawm de-muaj peev xwm tseem muaj loj heev thiab poob siab. Nyob rau ntawm 2021 (Kaum-ob) Tuam Tshoj Hlau thiab Hlau Tsim Kev Sib Tham tau muaj ob peb hnub dhau los, Hu Wenrui, tus kws qhia ntawm Suav Academy ntawm Engineering tseem qhia ntxiv: "Kev lag luam hlau thiab hlau yog kev lag luam nrog cov pa roj carbon ntau tshaj plaws ntawm 31 cov khoom lag luam, suav txog kwv yees li 15% ntawm tag nrho cov pa tawm. "

Nws tau nkag siab tias txawm hais tias kuv lub teb chaws cov pa roj carbon dioxide tawm ib cov hlau loj tam sim no tsawg zuj zus, tag nrho cov nyiaj tseem loj. Xiao Yaqing tau hais uantej hais tias tam sim no qhov nruab nrab ntawm ntiaj teb kev siv hluav taws xob ib tuj ntawm cov hlau yog 575kg ntawm cov nplai txheem, piv rau 545kg hauv Suav. Vim tias Tuam Tshoj lub ntim loj, tseem muaj peev xwm yuav tsum tau coj los cuam tshuam txog kev txuag hluav taws xob thiab emission txo.

Lub "Steel Kev Lag Luam Carbon Peak thiab Carbon Reduction Action Plan" kom meej meej hais tias muaj tsib txoj kev loj kom ua tiav kev lag luam steel cov pa roj carbon ncov lub hom phiaj, uas yog, txhawb kev teeb tsa ntsuab, kev txuag hluav taws xob thiab txuag hluav taws xob, txhim kho kev siv hluav taws xob thiab cov txheej txheem tsim, thiab tsev txoj kev lag luam kev voj voog txuas. Thiab thov siv qhov sib txauv-qis cov thev naus laus zis.

Cheng Yu tau hais tias raws li "cov pa roj carbon ob" yuav tsum tau, kev lag luam steel yuav tsum hloov tas li ntawm cov qauv tsim hluav taws xob thiab txuag hluav taws xob, tab sis tib lub sijhawm, hloov cov qauv hluav taws xob kuj txhais tau tias hloov cov txheej txheem hlau, uas yog kev nqis peev ntau. Ntau lub peev xwm ntau lawm uas tseem tau tsim nyog tab sis tseem tsis tau qoos siab tseem yuav raug tshem tawm thaum ntxov, yog li cov txiaj ntsig ntawm cov tshuab steel tseem tseem yuav ntsib kev cov nyom.


Lub sij hawm tshaj tawm: Tsib Hlis-13-2021